Research & Studies

A Comprehensive Approach to Common Foot Problems

Posted By Robyn Hughes, ND


The need for natural and conservative alternatives to conventional foot and toe treatments has never been greater. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, approximately 43.1 million Americans have foot problems, and the cost of foot surgery to correct problems associated with improper footwear—bunions, hammertoes, corns and calluses, among others—is about...
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Classic Study #1: A Comparison of Barefooted & Shoe-Wearing Peoples

Posted By Marty Hughes, DC


The first study we’ll look at was conducted by a gentleman named Philip Hoffman, and it was published in the October 1905 edition of 
The American Journal of Orthopedic Surgery. Hoffman’s study, called “Conclusions Drawn From a Comparative Study of the Feet of Barefooted and Shoe-Wearing Peoples,” drew upon observations he made of the feet of unshod individuals... Read more

Classic Study #2: Notes on Foot Disorders

Posted By Marty Hughes, DC


This is the second installment in our ongoing series in which we examine foot-related research studies published many decades ago. This study, conducted by Earl T. Engle and Dudley J. Morton, is called “Notes on Foot Disorders Among Natives of the Belgian Congo” and was published in 
The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in 1931. The researchers were part of an Africa expedition... Read more

Classic Study #3: Feet & Footprints of Solomon Islanders

Posted By Marty Hughes, DC


This is the third installment in our ongoing series in which we examine foot-related research studies published many decades ago. This study, conducted by Clifford S. James, is called “Footprints and Feet of Natives of the Solomon Islands” and was published in 
The Lancet in 1939. The researcher, James, worked in the Solomon Islands region for over a decade. This study was conducted out of... Read more

Correct Toes & Balance

Posted By Marty Hughes, DC


Users of 
Correct Toes toe spacers experience many health benefits, including improved toe alignment and foot structure, increased intrinsic foot muscle strength, enhanced foot and toe circulation, and the successful treatment and prevention of a variety of chronic foot problems. One benefit of this device that’s sometimes overlooked is its ability to improve balance—a particularly important benefit... Read more

Foot Health Research & Resources

Posted By Marty Hughes, DC


Listed below are numerous journal articles, magazine and blog articles, and books that support a barefoot or minimalist shoe model for injury-free walking or running. These studies and books discuss the merits of barefoot living and the injuries commonly associated with the use of conventional footwear. Some of the articles discuss specific conditions, such as 
bunionsplantar fasciosis, and... Read more