Educational Articles: Pronation

Correct Toes & Orthotics

Posted By Robyn Hughes, ND


Correct Toes eliminates the need for conventional orthotics in most people by enabling the foot arch (i.e., the medial longitudinal arch) to support itself. In general, we DO NOT recommend wearing Correct Toes in combination with orthotics; we instead recommend weaning yourself off orthotics—slowly and progressively—when introducing Correct Toes. Correct Toes toe spacers are... Read more

Feet & Footwear Myths

Posted By Robyn Hughes, ND


If you look at the foot of a young child, you will notice that his or her toes are spaced well apart. The foot of a young child is naturally designed for optimal balance and gait, and if the 
foot maintains this shape, optimal stride is preserved through old age: a finding observed in barefoot populations the world over. In industrialized societies, however, people spend a lifetime wearing shoes... Read more

Healthy Foot Anatomy

Posted By Marty Hughes, DC


In this video, Dr. Ray McClanahan, a sports podiatrist at Northwest Foot and Ankle and the inventor of Correct Toes, discusses how conventional footwear alters normal foot and toe anatomy and leads to excessive pronation and foot problems. Learn more about natural foot wisdom from one of the most progressive and naturally-minded podiatrists in the United States... Read more

Heel Elevation

Posted By Robyn Hughes, ND

Heel elevation
Heel elevation is a design feature present in almost every shoe, from dress shoes to work boots to running shoes, though there is little (if any) compelling evidence to account for its inclusion in shoes or other footwear. Most people in the United States and other parts of the world begin wearing shoes when they learn to walk, some even before. Almost all shoes, including children’s... Read more

Natural Arch Support

Posted By Robyn Hughes, ND


To understand our arch support philosophy, it’s important to understand the architectural principle of an arch. Webster’s Dictionary defines an arch as 
“A curved structure that supports the weight of material over an open space.” Put another way, an arch is any curved structure that is able to bear weight over an open space by providing support on either end of that open space. An arch becomes... Read more

Natural Foot Posture

Posted By Marty Hughes, DC


In this short video, Dr. Ray McClanahan, a sports podiatrist at Northwest Foot and Ankle and the inventor of Correct Toes, demonstrates true, anatomically correct foot position and posture. Dr. Ray discusses the effects of conventional footwear on foot arch stability and how some common shoe design features actually work against the inherent strength of the foot to deform and destabilize... Read more

Pronation vs. Overpronation

Posted By Marty Hughes, DC

Pronation vs. overpronation
In this video, sports podiatrist and Correct Toes inventor Dr. Ray McClanahan examines pronation and explains the difference between pronation and overpronation. Pronation—the combination of three separate events in the foot and ankle, including subtalar eversion, ankle dorsiflexion, and forefoot abduction—is a normal, healthy joint action, but it can cause problems when it becomes excessive. Dr. Ray takes a closer look at what's happening... Read more

Shoe Liner Test & Pronation Explained

Posted By Marty Hughes, DC

Shoe Liner Test & Pronation Explained
In this video, Dr. Ray McClanahan, a sports podiatrist at Northwest Foot and Ankle and the inventor of 
Correct Toes, describes the Shoe Liner Test  and explains why excessive pronation is such a common problem in our society. The Shoe Liner Test is a simple test that involves you pulling the liner out of your shoe (or a shoe that you are thinking of... Read more

What Is Natural Arch Support?

Posted By Marty Hughes, DC

What is natural arch support?
The idea that the foot’s main arch—the medial longitudinal (ML) arch—needs to be propped up and supported is a long-held belief in the foot care world and the footwear industry. In fact, propping up the ML arch with conventional arch orthotics is a common approach used by physicians to help treat certain foot and ankle disorders and “resolve” inherent foot flaws. Arch support... Read more

Who Should Use Orthotics?

Posted By Marty Hughes, DC


In this video, Dr. Ray McClanahan, a sports podiatrist at Northwest Foot and Ankle and the inventor of Correct Toes, discusses a very common question: Who should use orthotics? Dr. Ray explains why conventional arch orthotics are prescribed by many foot care professionals and presents an alternative view on how best to stabilize the foot and ankle using natural (i.e., non-arch orthotic) means...
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